Saturday, 20 July 2024
A+ R A-

The Explanation of Hadith Jibril about Iman - شرح حديث جبريل عن الإيمان - Page 15

Article Index

Al-Awza^iyy used to live in the outskirts of Beirut; he was among the highest ranking scholars. The Caliph called upon Al-Awza^iyy to come from Beirut to Damascus. He made them meet in one session and he said: “If a proof will be produced to discredit his belief we will cut his head off.” Ghaylan then uttered the creed of the Qadariyyah. Al-Awza^iyy said: “He is a blasphemer O, Amir of the Believers.” He defeated him. Ghaylan then said: “I was hit with the supplication of that righteous man”, he meant ^Umar Ibn ^Abdul-^Aziz. His hands and legs were cut off, then his head was cut off and hanged on the gate of Damascus for three days so that it will be known that this one does not carry the Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal Jama^ah, but rather a creed which disagrees with it.

الأوزاعي رحمه الله كان صالحًا تقيًا، قال عنه ابن عساكر: كان الأوزاعي كثير العبادة حسن الصلاة، ورعًا، طويل الصمت. وكان رضي الله عنه كثير البكاء والتهجد والابتهال في دعائه، ولم يُرَ قط ضاحكًا يقهقه بل كان غاية ذلك أن يبتسم، وكان لا يبكي في مجلسه، فإذا دخل بيته كان يبكي حتى يشفق عليه.

ويروى أَنَّ امرأة دخلت على امرأة الإمام فرأت الحصير الذي يصلي عليه مبلولاً فقالت: لعل الصبي بال هنا؟ فقالت: هذا أثر دموع الشيخ في سجوده، هكذا يصبح في كل يوم.

كان رحمه الله شديد الورع ما تردد بأن قال لغيلان: "كافر" لأنه كَذَّبَ قول اللهِ تعالى: ﴿قُلِ اللهُ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ﴾ سورة الرعد / 16. فالذي يعتقد أَنَّ الشرَ ليسَ بِخَلقِ الله هذا كافر ليس بمسلم.

Al-Awza^iyy, may Allah endows his mercy on him was a righteous pious individual, Ibn ^Asakir said about him:

Al-Awza^iyy used to perform lots of acts of worship, pray plenty good, was God-fearing, and used to stay silent for lengthy periods. He, may Allah raise his rank, used to cry a lot and to pray the late night prayer. He was never seen bursting with loud laughter, rather he would smile, he did not use to cry while in session, but when he enters his home he would start crying until the people feel sympathetic towards him.

It was narrated that a woman visited his wife and she saw that the mat which he prayed on was wet, she said: Did the boy urinate here? His wife answered her: These are the traces of the tears of the shaykh while he is prostrating, this is how this mat is every morning (means he cries a lot while he is prostrating during the late night prayer).

He was extremely God-fearing, he did not hesitate to say to Ghaylan: “You are a blasphemer” because he belied Allah’s saying:

﴿قُلِ اللهُ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ﴾

Verse 16 of Surat ar-Ra^d which means: “Say (O Muhammad) that Allah is the Creator of everything.”

So, the one who believes that evil is not created by Allah is a blasphemer.

ثم في عصرنا هذا لا توجد فرقة تسمى القَدرية إَنما توجد فرقة في بلاد المسلمين جماعة تسمى "حزب التحرير" رأسهم تقي الدين النبهاني أسس حزب التحرير في فلسطين ثم انتقلوا إِلى لبنان ثم انتشروا. وجملة معتقداتهم أنهم يقولون: اللهُ لا يَخلُقُ كل أفعال العباد وهذا كُفرٌ والعياذُ بالله تعالى.

يقول زعيمهم تقي الدين النبهاني في كتابه المسمى الشخصية الإسلامية (الجزء الأول: القسم الأول ص/71 ـ 72) ما نصه: «وهذه الأفعال ـ أي أفعال الإنسان ـ لا دخل لها بالقضاء ولا دخل للقضاء بها، لأن الإنسان هو الذي قام بها بإرادته واختياره، وعلى ذلك فإن الأفعال الاختيارية لا تدخل تحت القضاء» اهـ، ويقول في نفس الكتاب (الجزء الأول: القسم الأول: ص/74) ما نصه: «فتعليق المثوبة أو العقوبة بالهدى والضلال يدل على أن الهداية والضلال هما من فعل الإنسان وليسا من الله» ا.هـ، وكذا يذكر في كتابه المسمى بـ: «نظام الإسلام» (ص 22).

In our era, nowadays, there is no faction called the Qadariyyah, rather there is a group in the Muslim countries called “Hizb at-Tahrir”, their leader is Taqiyyud-Din an-Nabahaniyy established Hizb at-Tahrir in Palestine, then they moved to Lebanon and spread out.

Among their beliefs is that they say: “Allah does not create all of the deeds of the salve.” This is blasphemy, we seek refuge with Allah ta^ala from that.

The leader of Hizb at-Tahrir, Taqiyyud-Din an-Nabahaniyy, said in his book, ash-Shakhsiyyah al-Islamiyyah (Volume 1, pages 71-72): “These actions (i.e., the actions of man) are not related to Allah’s creating and Allah’s creating is not related to them, because man is the one who performs them by his will and choice, thereupon, the voluntary actions do not fall under Allah’s creating.”

He also said in the same book (Volume 1, page 74): “Rendering the reward or punishment contingent upon guidance and misguidance denotes guidance and misguidance are doings of the slave and not from Allah.” He stated a similar thing on page 72 in another one of his books called Nidham-ul-Islam.

هذا الكلام مخالف للقرءان والحديث وصريح العقل. فأما القرءان فقد قال الله تعالى: ﴿وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَىءٍ فَقَدَّرَه تَقْدِيرًا﴾ سورة الفرقان / 2، وقال: ﴿وَاللهُ خَلَقَكُمْ وَمَا تَعْمَلُونَ سورة الصَّافَّات / 96. وقال ﴿إِنَّا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَاهُ بِقَدَرٍ﴾ سورة القمر / 49، والشىء هنا شامل لكل ما يدخل في الوجود من أجسام وحركات العباد وسكونهم، ما كان منها اختياريًّا وما كان منها اضطراريًّا، والأفعال الاختيارية أكثر بكثير من غير الاختيارية. فلو كان كل فعل اختياري من العباد بخلق العبد لكان ما يخلقه العبد من أعماله أكثر مما يخلقه الله من أعمال العباد، والشىء معناه في اللغة الموجود، وهذه الأعمال أعمال الإنسان الاختيارية موجودة.

These words of Taqiyyud-Din an-Nabahaniyy are contrary to the Qur’an, the Hadith, the explicit sound intellect, and the sayings of the scholars.

Allah ta^ala said in Surat-al-Furqan, Verse 2:

﴿وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَىءٍ فَقَدَّرَه تَقْدِيرًا﴾

It means: “He created everything and made terms for them.”

Allah said in Surat as-Saffat, Verse 96:

﴿وَاللهُ خَلَقَكُمْ وَمَا تَعْمَلُونَ﴾

It means: “Allah created you and your doings.”

Also, Allah said in Surat al-Qamar, Verse 49:

﴿إِنَّا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَاهُ بِقَدَرٍ﴾

It means: “Verily, I have created everything according to My Destiny.”

The term shay’ (thing) in these verses includes everything which enters into existence. Bodies, the voluntary and involuntary motions and rests of the slaves, and what pertains to them are not excluded. Moreover, voluntary actions far exceed the involuntary ones. So, if Hizb at-Tahrir’s claim was correct i.e., every voluntary action of the slave is a creation of the slave himself, then what the slaves would create among their actions would be more than what Allah creates--a thought the sound intellect totally rejects. Linguistically, the term shay’ (thing) refers to what is existing—which includes these voluntary actions.

وقوله: "الأعمال الإختيارية" لا يخلصه من الكفر، فالإنسانُ له نوعان من الأعمال: الإختيارية مثالٌ على ذلك أَنَّ الواحد منا هو يختار أن يذهب إلى البيت أو يبقى في المسجد، والإضطرارية كالمرض، والحياة، والموت؛ هذان الإضطراري والإختياري هما بخلق الله.

His saying: “The voluntary actions” does not save him from blasphemy, the human has two types of actions: The voluntary actions for example, one might elect to go home or to stay in the mosque; and there are the involuntary actions like: Sickness, life, and death. Both, the voluntary and involuntary actions are created by Allah.

وكلام زعيمهم مخالف أيضًا لقوله تعالى: ﴿وَنُقلِّبُ أفْئِدَتَهُمْ وَأَبْصَارَهُمْ﴾ سورة الأنعام / 110، فقد أخبر الله في هذه الآية بأن عمل العبد القلبي وعمله الذي يعمله بجوارحه من فعل الله تعالى فهل لهم من جواب على هذه الآية؟!.

The statements of their leader also contradict the saying of Allah in Surat al-An^am, Verse 110:

:﴿وَنُقلِّبُ أفْئِدَتَهُمْ وَأَبْصَارَهُمْ﴾

It means: “We turn their hearts and sights.”

In this Verse, Allah revealed that both the actions of the hearts and the actions of the limbs are doings of Allah. Do they have a reply to this Verse?

وأما مخالفته للحديث فقد روى مسلم في صحيحه والبيهقي وغيرهما أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال :"كُلُّ شَىءٍ بِقَدَرْ حَتَى العَجْزُ وَالكَيْسُ"، والعجز: البلادة، والكيس: الذكاء، وقال صلى الله عليه وسلم: "إِنَّ اللهَ صَانِعُ كُلِّ صَانِعٍ وَصَنْعَتِهِ" رواه الحاكم من حديث حذيفة.

وخالف أيضًا الحديث الذي أخرجه ابن جرير الطبري في كتابه تهذيب الآثار وصححه وهو قوله عليه الصلاة والسلام: "صنفان من أمتي لا نصيب لهما في الإسلام: القدرية، والمرجئة"، فهذا الحديث صريح في تكفير أهل القدر القائلين بأن العبد هو الذي يخلق أعماله بإرادته وتقديره كهذه الفرقة، فهم بهذه المقالة جردوا أنفسهم من الإسلام وانسلخوا منه كما تنسلخ الحية من جلدها.

The following are examples of Taqiyyud-Din an-Nabahaniyy’s negation of the hadith. Imam Muslim in his Sahih, al-Bayhaqiyy, and others narrated that the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said:

"كُلُّ شَىءٍ بِقَدَرْ حَتَى العَجْزُ وَالكَيْسُ"

It means: “Everything is by the creating of Allah----even stupidity and intelligence.”

As related by Ibn Hibban, the Prophet said:

"إِنَّ اللهَ صَانِعُ كُلِّ صَانِعٍ وَصَنْعَتِهِ"

It means: “Allah is the Creator of every doer and his doing.”

Search our site

Listen to the Qur'an


How to Become a Muslim

One becomes a Muslim by believing in the Two Testifications of Faith (referred to in Arabic as ash-Shahadatan) and uttering them with the intention of leaving out blasphemy.

I bear witness that no one deserves to be worshiped except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah
Listen by clicking here

A.I.C.P. The Voice of Moderation